Other Young Earth Indicators
As we have noted, radiometric dating is founded on three highly questionable assumptions.
- The decay rate has been constant throughout all time.
- There was no daughter element present with the parent element at the beginning stage.
- No contamination of the test sample has taken place.
There are other lines of evidence for dating the earth, however, which do not rely on radiometric methods, and which indicate the earth is young.
- Ancient written records. Robert Young's concordance, 22nd edition, lists thirty-seven ancient written records all of which place the date of creation no earlier than 7000 B.C.
- River Nile overflow. A measurement of the sediment deposited by the Nile's flooding each year gives a maximum age of less than 30,000 years. One or two larger than normal floodings would bring the calculation close to the biblical record.
- Salt in the sea. The amount of sodium chloride (common table salt) in the oceans and the Dead Sea give an age of the Earth at under thirteen thousand years. Measuring uranium salts instead of sodium chloride gives a figure of 10,000 years.
- Cooling of the Earth. Lord Kelvin's calculations of the rate of heat flow through the surface of the Earth demolish Lyell's uniformitarian assumptions making the time too short for evolution.
- Oil geysers. Studies of the permeability of the rocks surrounding oil beds show that any pressure build up should be dissipated, and bled off into surrounding rocks, within a few thousand years.
- Carbon-14 disintegration. Calculations show that the C-14 clock should have begun 8,000 years ago.
- Ocean sediment. There are about 28 billion tons of sediment added to the oceans each year. The layer of sediment on the bottom of the ocean floor would be 100 miles thick if the earth was old enough to allow for evolutionary time.
- Influx of cosmic dust. If the earth and the moon had been here for billions of years there should be fifty or more feet of dust.
- Comet decay. Suggests a youthful solar system.
- Population statistics. Placing the Genesis flood 4,300 years ago, the population today is what the standard population equation would predict. Whereas, with the time frame expanded to only one million years the population would be so great now that when packed shoulder to shoulder, it could not be accommodated within the entire universe.
- The missing radiogenic helium. Points to the earth being less than 15,000 years old.
- Stalactites or stalagmites. A reasonable age for the limestone caverns is five thousand years.
- Earth's decaying magnetic field. Places the age of the earth at 6,000 to 15,000 years.
- Decrease in the Sun's diameter. With the Sun's diameter shrinking five feet per hour, extrapolated backwards, life could not have existed on earth 100,000 years ago.
- Earth spin rate. Atomic clocks which have measured the Earth's spin rate for many years to the nearest billionth of a second, have consistently found that the earth is slowing down at the rate of one second a year. If the earth was billions of years old, its initial spin rate would have been so great that centrifugal force would have greatly deformed the Earth.
When all these facts are taken together, an age of less than 10,000 years is called for. These many natural processes, the testimony of ancient records, tree ring and C-14 dating, all indicate a young earth. In contrast, the evidence for the old earth idea hangs almost exclusively on highly questionable assumptions inherent within radiometric dating methods.
Where would you look for the best and most abundant marine-life fossils? The answer appears to be on a mountain-top. Monte San Giorgio has provided unique fossils since 1919 when Bernhard Payer, a zoologist from the University of Zurich, found the fossil of the ichthyosaur. Since that time thousands of fossils of unique life-forms have been uncovered. One of the more puzzling looks a great deal like a snake with legs. Scientists speculate that these reptiles were amphibious. Listed among the types of fossils found are sharks, lobe-finned fishes, rayfinned fishes, and numerous reptiles such as the nothosaurs, neusticosaurus, and the "bizarre" tanystropheus which was nearly fifteen feet long, and its neck was over twice as long as its trunk. Now how do you suppose that those fossils got on a mountain? Scientific American, June 1989.
by Robert V. Gentry
Source: 'Bible-Science Newsletter', August 1989