Tiglath-Pileser Invades Israel
After the death of the Assyrian emperor Shalmaneser III in 824 BC, nearly eighty years passed without serious trouble between Assyria and Palestine. Then in 745 BC an Assyrian general seized power, assuming the lordly name of Tiglath-pileser III, and resuming the aggressive policies of Shalmaneser III. Tiglath invaded Israel twice during his reign. The limestone relief (right) tells of the capture of Astartu (a place in Gilead, east of the river Jordan). Specifically, it commemorates Tiglath's second invasion of Israel between 734-732 BC. The king is shown at the bottom, while above him booty and Israelite prisoners are being led away.
This totally corroborates the biblical record of 2 KINGS 15:29, which reads:
`In the days of Pekah king of Israel came Tiglathpileser king of Assyria, and took Ijon, and Abelbethmaachah, and Janoah, and Kedesh, and Hazor, and Gilead, and Galilee, all the land of Naphtali, and carried them captive to Assyria.'
1 CHRONICLES 5:25-26 also refers to this punitive invasion of Israel by Tiglathpileser (in this passage he is called `Pul'). This invasion is also confirmed by the tablet recording Tiglath's annals.
Excerpt from Peter Masters: "Heritage of Evidence in the British Museum", The Wakeman Trust, London 2004 (available in book stores)