Bibel & Mathematik

Bibel & Mathematik 

  1. Ivan Panin und Zahlen in der Bibel
  2. Gott und Mathematik
  3. "ELS" in der Torah verborgen
  4. Quantitive Struktur Analyse

 1. Panin und Zahlen in der Bibel
 

Ivan Panin war ein russischer Einwanderer in Amerika, der sich zum Christentum bekehrte, als er erstaunliche Zahlenmuster in der Natur entdeckte, die, wie er glaubte, nur das Werk des Schöpfers sein konnten. Im Jahre 1890 begann Panin, numerische SYSTEME IN DER BIBEL zu entdecken und widmete einen großen Teil seines Lebens (40-50 Jahre) der Untersuchung der Muster.

Gottes Handschrift in der Natur

Moderne Naturwissenschaftsstudien fingen an „zu explodieren‟, als Wissenschaftler erkannten, dass der Gott der Bibel ein Gott der Ordnung ist und dass diese Ordnung sich in Seiner Schöpfung widerspiegelt. Logischerweise folgt daraus, dass wenn Gottes Ordnung in all Seiner Schöpfung wiederzufinden ist, wieviel mehr sogar in seinem Wort, der Bibel.

Beispielsweise muss erwähnt werden, dass bekannte Wissenschaftler wie Isaac Newton, der ungemein viel zur modernen Physik und Mathematik beigetragen hat, viele Jahre ihrer persönlichen Forschung dem Thema „Zahlen in der Bibel‟ widmeten. Newton muss gefühlt haben, dass er etwas „auf der Spur‟ war.

Im Folgenden ein Auszug aus Bullingers Buch: BULLINGER, E. W., "NUMBER IN SCRIPTURE", The Lamp Press, London, 1952.

PHYSIOLOGIE bietet ein weites Feld der Darstellung. Trotzdem hebt sich auch hier die Zahl SIEBEN hervor. Die Tage der Lebensjahre des Menschen sind „dreimal zwanzig Jahre plus zehn“ (7 x 10). In sieben Jahren ändert sich die gesamte Struktur seines Körpers. Wir sind alle mit den „sieben Lebensaltern des Menschen“ vertraut.

Die verschiedenen Stadien der Entwicklung (Trächtigkeit) sind auch häufig ein Vielfaches der Zahl Sieben entweder in Tagen oder Wochen.

Insekten schlüpfen aus den Eiern nach SIEBEN halben Tagen (wie die Wespe, Biene usw.), während andere nach SIEBEN ganzen Tagen schlüpfen. Die Mehrzahl der Insekten brauchen zwischen 14 (2 x 7) und 42 (6 x 7) Tagen. Das Gleiche gilt für die Entwicklung der Larven.

Tiere haben folgende Stadien der Entwicklung:

  • Maus: 21 (3 x 7) Tage.
  • Hase und Ratte: 28 (4 x 7) Tage.
  • Katze: 56 (8 x 7) Tage.
  • Hund: 63 (9 x 7) Tage.
  • Löwe 98 (14 x 7) Tage.
  • Schaf 147 (21 x 7) Tage.

Tiere haben folgende Stadien der Entwicklung:

  • Bei dem Huhn sind es 21 (3 x 7) Tage.
  • Bei der Ente 28 (4 x 7) Tage.

Beim Menschen sind es 280 Tage (oder 40 x 7).

Außerdem scheint der Mensch für das, was wir das Sieben-Tage-Prinzip nennen, geschaffen zu sein. Bei verschiedenen Krankheiten sind die folgenden Tage kritisch: der SIEBTE, der VIERZEHNTE und der EINUNDZWANZIGSTE und bei anderen der siebte oder vierzehnte Halbtag. Der menschliche Puls schlägt nach dem Sieben-Tage-Prinzip ... sechs Tage lang von den sieben schlägt er am Morgen schneller als am Abend, während er am siebten Tag langsamer schlägt. So stellt die Zahl Sieben die Grundlage der Physiologie dar. Der Mensch wird somit daran erinnert, an einem von sieben Tagen zu ruhen. Er kann dieses Gesetz nicht ungestraft verletzen, weil er mit diesem verbunden ist.“ [Zitat Ende].

Während der Französischen Revolution unter Robespierre wurde eine Zehn-Tage-Woche eingeführt, anstelle der von Gott verordneten Sieben-Tage-Woche. Mit der Umstellung von nur einem Ruhetag in einem Zehn-Tage-Rhythmus sind die Menschen und Tiere nicht klar gekommen. Die Menschen wurden krank und das Vieh brach auf der Weide zusammen und bald mussten sie auf die sieben-Tage-Woche zurückgehen. Dies zeigte ganz klar, dass Gottes Grundlagen nicht verletzt werden können.

Die Zellen des menschlichen Körpers sterben ständig ab und werden wieder erneuert. Dieses Prinzip beruht auf einem Sieben-Jahres-Zyklus, wobei über einen Zeitraum von sieben Jahren jede Zelle im Körper erneuert wird.

Eine Vielzahl weiterer Muster, wie die Fibbonacci-Zahlen als eine der bekannteren, sind überall sind in der Natur vorhanden. Die Natur weist eine solche Vielzahl von Mustern auf, dass wir eine fast endlose Liste aufzeigen könnten, aber wir glauben den Kernpunkt klar gemacht zu haben. Überall in der Natur können wir GOTTES HANDSCHRIFT in all Seiner Schöpfung sehen.

Die große Frage ist jetzt, können wir nicht erwarten, dass die gleichen Phänomene in dieser größten aller Werke Gottes, sein Wort zu finden?

„Durch den Glauben erkennen wir, dass die Welt durch Gottes Wort geschaffen ist, sodass alles, was man sieht, aus nichts geworden ist." (HEBRÄER 11:3). 

Ivan Panin

Viele Christen glauben, dass Ivan Panin eine Zahlenstruktur in der Bibel entdeckt hat. Allerdings sind Panins Feststellungen unter so viel Beschuss geraten, dass einige Kirchen das Thema „Bibel und Mathematik" aus ihrer Lehre ausgeklammert haben.

In unserer Gemeinde wird „Bibelnumerik" als zusätzlicher Beweis gesehen, dass die Bibel das inspirierte Wort Gottes ist. Wir brauchen keine Bibel Numerik um zu beweisen oder zu glauben, dass die Bibel die Wahrheit ist, aber wir haben immer das Ziel den ganzen Ratschluss Gottes zu lehren.

Um Fragen die uns gestellt wurden zu beantworten, haben wir eine Gruppe von mehr "mathematisch gesinnten" Leuten in unserer Gemeinde zusammengestellt. Leute, die auch ein wenig über die alten hebräischen und griechischen Texte der Bibel wissen. Sie hatten die Aufgabe, die Wahrheit über die Bibel Numerik heraus zu finden.

Wenn Panin heute hier wäre, könnte er sich gegen jegliche ungerechte Vorwürfe wehren. Er hatte eine erstaunliche Menge an Arbeit geleistet um diese Zahlenmuster zu finden. Heute machen Computer diese mühsame Aufgabe.

Wir glauben, dass es gute Argumente für und gegen Panins Arbeit gibt. Es gibt einige Bereiche die ziemlich sicher zu betreten sind und andere in denen die Argumente unsicher und unbegründet sind. Wie auch immer, wir können die vorgelegten Beweise nicht ausschließen oder weglassen und müssen zustimmen, dass "es mehr geben könnte". Es wäre vielen Leuten gegenüber ungerecht, die einen großen Teil ihres Lebens dem Studium in diesem Bereich gewidmet haben, ihre Ergebnisse nach 2 Wochen Forschung von der Hand zu weisen.

Panin verwendete Bibeltexte in der Originalsprache und zählte Wörter und Buchstaben. Er berechnete die Zahlenwerte von Wörtern und Buchstaben und die Stellenwerte von Wörtern und Buchstaben in einem Absatz. Er wählte Worte und Buchstaben nach Symmetrien (z. B. erste und letzte Worte), Untergruppen (z. B. Sätze, Namen, Themen, der Wortschatz in einer Passage), und so weiter. 

Argumente für Panin

Panin war derjenige, der weit verbreitete Aufmerksamkeit auf Gematria lenkte. Die Gematria ist das Zuweisen eines numerischen Werts zu einem Buchstaben auf dem griechischen/hebräischen Zahlensystem basierend. Einige sehr interessante Beispiele von Gematria schließen das folgende ein (Theomatik behandeln diese ebenso): 888 ist der Wert von JESUS auf Griechisch. Die NUMERISCHEN WERTE ALLER HAUPTTITEL VON JESUS AUF GRIECHISCH SIND DURCH 8 TEILBAR (z.B. Herr = 800). Das ist ziemlich unglaublich und gibt Grund dafür, Jesus mit der Nummer 8 zu verbinden. Alle Beispiele mit der Zahl 666 sind interessant und es gibt Verbindungen zwischen einigen von den Titeln des Papstes und der Zahl 666. Einige sagen die 13 ist eine mit dem Teufel verbundene Zahl, weil die numerischen Werte des Drachen, des Versuchers, Belial, des Mörders und der Schlange alle durch 13 teilbar sind.

Ein anderes Beispiel ist in JOHANNES 21:11 mit den 153 Fischen. Viele griechische Wörter oder mit diesem Vers verbundene Ausdrücke sind ein Vielfache dieses Werts: FISCHE = 153 x 8, DAS NETZ = 153 x 8, MENGE VON FISCHEN = 153 x 8 x 2, MENSCHENFISCHER = 153 x 14.

Während einige behaupten, dass die Muster mit der Zahl sieben nicht in jedem Vers sind, ist es möglich, dass jeder Vers seine eigenen Eigenschaften hat. Autoren wie E. W. Bullinger haben die Bedeutungen von vielen verschiedenen Zahlen untersucht. Zum Beispiel, die Nummer 13 ist in den VERS 2 des ERSTEN MOSE 1 GEWEBT, DAS THEMA DIESES VERSES IST ZWIETRACHT. Ebenfalls hat Vers 3 sein eigenes Muster, aber dieses Mal sind die verwendeten Zahlen 13 und 11. Die Einführung der Zahl 11 an dieser Stelle ist passend da Gott sagte, 'Es werde Licht.' Da die Zahl 11 eine Anweisung oder Enthüllung bedeutet, musste es Licht geben bevor irgendjemand sehen und angewiesen werden konnte.

Ein Faktor ist, dass die Bibel ursprünglich nicht in Kapitel und Verse unterteilt, aber auf diese Art und Weise später strukturiert wurde. Das erklärt etwas von der Kritik, wo die Kritiker versuchen, auf spezielle Verse zu schauen, um die Muster zu widerlegen. Panin schaute jedoch auf jene Verse, DIE EINE NATÜRLICHE UNTERTEILUNG BILDEN, z.B. 1.MOSE 1:1-5. Diese ersten fünf Verse geben Rechenschaft über den ersten Tag die Schöpfung.

Hier ist ein Beispiel seiner Arbeit:

1.MOSE 1:1-5

  1. Die 33 verwendeten hebräischen Worte haben einen numerischen Wert von 6188, or 884 x 7
  2. Der Gesamtwert der 33 Anfnagsbuchstaben ist 2401, or 7x7x7x7 (or49x49)
  3. Die 16 unterschiedlichen Anfangsbuchstaben haben einen Wert von 1281, or 183 x 7
  4. Die ersten und letzten Worte im Vokabular, alphabetisch angeordnet sind zusammen 658, or 94 x 7
  5. Die Summe der ersten und letzten Worte, nach Auftreten angeordnet, ist 924, or 132 x 7
  6. Der Wert jedes siebten Wortes ist 1008, das ist 7 x 3 x 3 x 2 x 2 x2 x 2, nicht nur ein Multiplikator von 7;
  7. aber es sind 7 Faktoren,
  8. zusammen ergibt es 21 oder 3 x 7

Ivan Panin listed 14 weitere Merkmale der Zahl 7 und 7 Merkmale der Zahl 13 in diesen 5 Versen auf.

Zusammenfassung

Panin arbeitete sich durch zahlreiche Schriften durch und schrieb viele Merkmale nieder. Einige sind vielleicht ein bisschen weit hergeholt, aber dennoch sind viele bemerkenswert. Wenn er auch mit seinen Wahrscheinlichkeitsberechnungen nicht Recht hatte, entschleierte er viele interessante, verborgene Aspekte. Um zusammenfassen zu können, was Panin und andere anfingen, ist noch etwas Nachforschung und Analyse erforderlich. Die Arbeit von Panin konnte der des Astronomen Tycho Brahe ähneln, der die Bewegung der Planeten in viel Detail für 40 Jahre untersuchte. Später hat Kepler die berühmten Kepler Gesetze von diesem riesigen Volumen von gesammelten Daten hergeleitet.

 Argumente gegen Panin

1) Die original Texte and ihre verbundenen Probleme: 

Einer der Kritiker von Panin, Brendan Mackays, ein Mathematiker von Canberra, wendet ein, dass es verschiedene 'ursprüngliche Texte' der Bibel gibt und dass einige Änderungen im Text die numerischen Ergebnisse verändern können, z.B. R. McCormack hat einige Studien an dem ersten Kapitel von Matthew durchgeführt und fand viele Beispiele mit der Zahl '7' . Wie auch Panin. Aber McCormack und Panin verwendeten verschiedene Texte. Welcher ist der 'richtige' Text?

Zudem verwendete Panin die TEXTE ALTERNATIV, wo er passend sah. Es sollte bemerkt werden, dass bestimmte Unterschiede zwischen den Texten keinen Unterschied zu den Merkmalen machen; all das hängt davon ab, was der Unterschied ist und welches besondere Merkmal untersucht wird.

Das Argument von Panin, dass er die ursprünglichen Texte 'korrigierte' um seine mathematischen Ergebnisse zu erzielen, wird von Mackay mit der Behauptung abgewiesen, dass diese Art von Schlussfolgerung ein Zirkelschluss ist. Mackay beschuldigt Panin auch den Text in MARKUS 16:9-20 geändert zu haben, um 175 zusätzliche Wörter einzubringen.

Mackay erkennt die Ergebnisse von Panin im 1.MOSE 1:1 und im ersten Kapitel von Matthäus an, behauptet aber, dass für einen Text der so lang wie die Bibel ist, es eine bestimmte Wahrscheinlichkeit gibt, dass sich solche Merkmale zu finden sind. Mackay sagt, dass entgegen Panin's Behauptungen, das 'unglaubliche Muster' NUR IN EINIGEN VERSEN der Bibel NACHZUWEISEN ist.

2) Überlegungen bezüglich Wahrscheinlichkeiten: 

Die WAHRSCHEINLICHKEITSGLEICHUNGEN VON PANIN WAREN FALSCH. Es gibt keinen Zweifel, dass Panin's Berechnungen bezüglich der Wahrscheinlichkeiten des Auftretens der Merkmale falsch sind. Wenn man nach 5 Merkmalen sucht und 2 von ihnen finden sollte, würde Panin sagen, dass die Wahrscheinlichkeit dieses Ergebnisses 1/7 x 1/7 ist. Das ist  jedoch nicht richtig. Panin überprüfte so viele Merkmale, dass einige von ihnen funktionieren MUSSTEN. Natürlich präsentierte er nicht diejenigen, die nicht funktionierten. Während, was er fand, tatsächlich sehr unwahrscheinlich ist, dass es zufällig vorzukommt, WAR es nicht so UNWAHRSCHEILICH, wie er glaubte.

Das ist warum jeder Vers den er analysierte verschiedene Merkmale der Zahl sieben aufweist. Wenn man DIESELBE Gruppe von 10 Merkmalen nimmt und jeden Vers auf ihre Anwesenheit überprüft und seine Statistiken darauf basierend berechnet, dann würde das mathematisch funktionieren. Zum Beispiel, das Merkmal von der 'Anzahl von Wörtern' in einem Vers - sagt Mackay, dass, wenn man die ganze Bibel überprüfet, durchschnittlich nur jeder siebte Vers eine Anzahl von Wörtern hat die durch 7 teilbar sind.

3) Weit hergeholte Merkmale: 

Einige, der von Panin verwendeten, Merkmale scheinen unglaubwürdig zu sein und man fragt sich, ob irgendetwas dahinter steckt. Wenn jedes siebente Wort Ihnen das Vielfache sieben dann Messe genug gibt - ist das eher überzeugend. Jedoch SCHEINEN andere Eigenschaften WACKELIG. Ein Beispiel von schwachen 'Eigenschaften' wird in der ENTSTEHUNG 1:1-5 angeführt: 'vor allen Dingen haben Wörter im Vokabular eingeordnet alphabetisch den numerischen Wert teilbar durch 7; und wenn eingeordnet, in der Größenordnung vom Ereignis ist ihre numerische Summe durch 7' teilbar. Diese Arten von Eigenschaften können in ANDEREN TEXTEN AUCH gefunden werden.

Wir alle geben zu, dass, wenn wir gerade eine Eigenschaft finden konnten, die die ganze Bibel bedeckt (all und jeder Satz) es den Mund aller Gegner aufhören würde. Aber bis jetzt hat keiner solch ein Muster gefunden.

 

4) Meaning Of Numbers: 

One thing to be very CAREFUL about is the attributing of numbers to certain meanings. For instance, we know that 666 is the number of "the Beast". This is directly scriptural. However, authors such as Bullinger have ATTRIBUTED MEANINGS to a lot of numbers, which may not necessarily be backed up by the Word. One example showing this is where Bullinger says 12 is the number of perfect government, therefore 11 must mean disorder, chaos, etc. (12 minus 1). However, Panin says that the number 11 has a "good" meaning. Evidently the Word is NOT SO EXPLICIT about this.

You can, of course, find a pattern of some number or another in any scripture. In order to assess the validity of the research, you must decide which number means what, and whether the Scriptures really support this? 

Summary Of Arguments Against Panin's Work

One of the strongest arguments against Panin’s work is that he did not properly calculate the probabilities of his features.

However, we have not come across anyone who has worked out the probabilities based on linguistic terms and on the value of the alphabet itself (aspects such as which numbers and words naturally come up most often in Hebrew/Greek, etc.). A more accurate and in depth analysis would help to compare Panin’s findings with those of some of the critics.

The most striking arguments against Panin are the examples given in literature other than the Bible. There are examples of this on Mackay's website (3). His vast arrays of features (while mostly very abstract) are certainly striking.

Issues of different texts, while only affecting SOME features SOME of the time, also present an obstacle to Panin's findings. 

Results From Our Own Experimentation

Firstly, we studied GENESIS 1:1-31, and found that the first verse has the numerical value of 37x73. A program was written to examine the Hebrew "Ben Asher" Text (Note: the differences to the other manuscripts are minor as far as our investigations are concerned). The investigation of the following verses yielded ONLY AVERAGE RESULTS. This was based, though, on very few features.

We also looked manually for numeric patterns in the Old Testament (Massoretic Hebrew text) of GENESIS 1:1-2 and PSALM 117 (only two verses). We mainly looked for patterns of seven. We were able to duplicate the patterns in GENESIS 1:1 which are described by Panin, but DID NOT FIND any obvious patterns in verse 2.

Thirdly, we investigated whether a famous ancient GREEK text would yield the same results as the investigation on the Scriptures. Here are some of the findings on the Iliad. We tried to use some of the same features that Panin used for the Biblical texts. 

1) Homer's Iliad: 

HOMER'S ILIAD is THE Greek literature work. It is the earliest and most famous. Many students of Greek had to learn it by heart. The first 7 verses were chosen as this is the introduction (prooimion) which gives the contents of the whole epic:

"Sing, O goddess, the anger of Achilles son of Peleus, that brought countless ills upon the Achaeans. Many a brave soul did it send hurrying down to Hades, and many a hero did it yield a prey to dogs and vultures, for so were the counsels of Jove fulfilled from the day on which the son of Atreus, king of men, and great Achilles, first fell out with one another."

Here is what has been found - a combination of all possible numbers, as could be expected. If one was to try hard, one could maybe build a case with the number 11. Judge for yourself.

The fact that NO FEATURES really could be found in the first 7 verses of the Iliad doesn't prove of course that there might not be any in the following verses. But the LACK OF FEATURES in the introduction would be a bit "disappointing".

  1. Words used in the passage: 44 = 2 x 2 x 11
  2. Letters used in the passage: 222 = 2 x 3 x 37
  3. Numerical value of the passage: 25938 = 2 x 3 x 3 x 11 x 131
  4. Number of nouns: 19
  5. Number of proper names: 6
  6. Number of occurrence of proper names: 7
  7. Letters of both main persons (Atreidhs, Achilleus): 8
  8. Numerical value for Achilleus: 1276 = 2 x 2 x 11 x 29
  9. Number of verbs: 8
  10. Numerical value of nouns: 12127 = 67 x 181 (whatever that could mean!)
  11. Number of "the": 1
  12. Number of words beginning with vowel: 21 = 3 x 7
  13. Number of vowels in text: 122 = 2 x 61
  14. Number of consonants in text: 100 = 10 x 10
  15. Number of words occurring more than once: 4
  16. Number of words occurring only once: 40 = 2 x 2 x 10

A survey on Panin’s dissertation on Mark 16 was also conducted: 

2) Veryifying MARK 16:9-20: 

Because the authenticity of MARK 16:9-20 has been questioned, the passage had not been included in some Bibles. Ivan Panin TRIED TO PROVE, through the richness and continuity of its gematria, that the passage belongs in the Bible. Gematria, then, is a type of WATERMARK or seal of authenticity.

The number of words in Panin's passage is 175 (7 x 25). The Greek text ("Textus Receptus") underlying the King James Version uses only 167 words! For this problem, see also http://cs.anu.edu.au/~adm/dilugim/panin.html and the evidence mentioned there about the differing editions.

We tried to verify the 175 words anyway, which meant doing some guesswork and including some of the 7 or 8 words which are added in other manuscripts (for example, instead of "Jesus risen" you take "Jesus risen from the dead"). When doing that we could verify many of the findings below (for example, also counting the Greek word "kakeinoi" as two words "kai" and "ekeinoi" – similar to English "it’s" which consists of "it is").

In our opinion, Panin’s findings in MARK 16 are FLAWED because he used a text which is a MODIFIED VERSION of the Westcott and Hort (W&H) text. Apparently, Panin started with the W&H text, then ADDED CERTAIN WORDS from other texts where he thought it appropriate! This clearly casts major doubts on this piece of work. 

Conclusion

There is a great deal of evidence pointing towards an order behind the Bible. While we believe Ivan Panin's work definitely had some shortcomings, we think that some of the numerical patterns in the Bible are too impressive to be denied. On the other hand, we find it dangerous to use a mathematical pattern to discern what part of the Bible is right or wrong (e.g. MARK 16).

It may appear as if people are able to 'disprove' Panin's findings, however, if you study the subject you will see that it is not so clean cut. We know some parts of Panin's work are quite stunning, while others are dubious. In the end, we can never really be sure about exactly how much truth Panin's work contains. If God shows himself to someone through Numerics, then Praise the Lord - our main goal on this earth is after all, to bring souls to salvation.

We checked various parts of his work (e.g. in MATTHEW 1). Some of it is dubious, some might even be wrong, but the patterns that remain are still impressive. In any case, we value Panin's findings and grant him great respect. We don't want to make a wrong decision and throw Bible Numerics away – only to find out one day that it was a valuable tool to see the grandeur and might of God Almighty.

Our basic belief, in summarizing all the fields of Bible Numerics is this: We think there is something numerical in the Bible, but we don't think anyone has exactly revealed it yet. While every researcher has their successes and mistakes, we believe the basic revelation is the same:

God is a God of order and His Word is perfect. Just as we see patterns all around us in God's creation, His Word also contains incredible patterns demonstrating His design.

"For now we see through a glass, darkly; but then face to face: NOW I KNOW IN PART; but then shall I know even as also I am known" (1 CORINTHIANS 13:12).

"For MY THOUGHTS are not your thoughts, neither are your ways my ways, saith the LORD. For as the heavens are higher than the earth, so are my ways higher than your ways, and my thoughts than your thoughts" (ISAIAH 55:8-9).

God carries out His heavenly pattern on earth:
"Who serve unto the example and shadow of heavenly things ... see, saith he, that thou make all things according to the pattern shewed to thee in the mount" (HEBREWS 8:5).

Here is the testimony of the Scripture itself on its inspiration and whether it has changed through the course of history:

"... there hath not failed ONE WORD of all his good promise, which he promised by the hand of Moses his servant" (1 KINGS 8:56).

"For verily I say unto you, Till heaven and earth pass, one JOT or one TITTLE shall in no wise pass from the law, till all be fulfilled" (MATTHEW 5:18).

The word JOT really means the Greek "iota" = Hebrew "Yod" which is the smallest letter in the Hebrew Alphabet, next to TITTLE, which in Greek is "keraia" (little hook) = Hebrew "Vav" the second smallest letter.

"And it is easier for heaven and earth to pass, than one TITTLE of the law to fail" (LUKE 16:17).

"Thy word is true from the beginning: and every one of thy righteous judgments endureth for ever" (PSALM 119:160).

"In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God" (JOHN 1:1).

"I am ALPHA and OMEGA, the beginning and the end, the first and the last" (REVELATION 22:13).

It is interesting that Jesus associates Himself with the letters of the Alphabet, indicating there might be more to find out.

References:

1. Ivan Panin, "The Last Twelve Verses of Mark", The Association of the Covenant People, Canada/USA.
2. Ivan Panin, "Verbal Inspiration of the Bible Scientifically Demonstrated"
3. Brendan Mackay, "In Search of Mathematical Miracles", http://cs.anu.edu.au/~bdm/dilugim/index.html
4. Col. J. H. Durrant, "Bible Numerics", p.7.
5. Bullinger, E.W., "Number in Scripture", The Lamp Press, London (1952)
6. Payne, F.C., "The Seal of God", ELE Trust, Brendale (1996) 

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2. Theomatics

(For further reference see the website http://www.theomatics.com, by Mr. Del Washburn) 

What is Theomatics? 

The basic gist of Theomatics, is to investigate all Biblical references to a PARTICULAR TOPIC and then use GEMATRIA - the same Greek/Hebrew numbering system used by Panin (see Panin and Bible Numerics) - to calculate properties of the numeric values of relevant phrases.

For example: In the ancient Greek New Testament, the 32 key references to the birth of Jesus each carry phrases with a multiple of 111:

 Jesus = 111 x 8 = 888                         
Christ = 111 x 12
"the birth of Jesus Christ thus was" = 111 x 49 (MATTHEW 1:18)
"and she will bear a Son" = 111 x 11 (MATTHEW 1:21)
"to you a sign, the virgin shall be with child" = 111 x 8 (ISAIAH 7:14)

Theomatics is based on twenty years of extensive research and poses a challenge to any skeptic. It is a statistical approach and one has to understand a bit of this rather tricky business.

Del Washburn writes: "In order to perform any objective and scientific investigation, both the procedure and end results must be: (1) definable, (2) testable, (3) the tests repeatable, and (4) the outcome predictable. When Theomatics discovers a pattern, it must be defined by the usage of a particular Hebrew or Greek word. Every phrase to be examined must:

  1. Contain a specific word,
  2. Be a certain length away from that word in both directions,
  3. Use only one text,
  4. Examine every phrase, combination or mathematical possibility present.

The computer then proceeds through all the phrases looking for features. Next, the same computer program goes back through all of the same Bible references, again looking for features.

Only this time, the numerical VALUES for the letters are jumbled into RANDOM ALLOCATIONS. For example, the name "Jesus" equals 888 in Theomatics. With the other random values, the word would come out - e.g. to 974 instead.

This shows that Mr. Washburn worked scientifically. If skeptics wish to repeat these tests to verify the results, they must apply the same initial procedures (as in all scientific research). 

Clusters: 

Clustering is the concept where numbers cluster around these large multiples. It investigates the Theomatics “hits” falling within the range of one or two numbers on either side of the target. For instance, instead of only investigating 222 (111 x 2), they also look into results such as 223.

Normally, the way one would expect random numbers to fall, there would be about the SAME AMOUNT of -1 and +1 hits as -2 and +2 hits. However, to quote the Theomatics website: "In virtually every major Theomatics pattern that has been discovered to date, when all the hits are faithfully recorded, there will almost always be TWICE AS MANY -1, +1 as -2, +2 hits, plus way more direct hits than the expected results. If the numbers were random, this would be like witnessing a MATHEMATICAL MIRACLE. It would be no different than challenging a person to flip a coin 1000 times, and get 800 heads and 200 tails - a "total" impossibility. This clustering phenomenon has happened CONSISTENTLY with tens of thousands of Theomatics features over the years. It virtually never fails (except in perhaps a few short stretch examples).

 Here are some more facts about Theomatics: 

  1. The phenomenon only works in the Bible and nowhere else.
  2. The phenomenon only works with the standard numerical allocations (e.g. alpha = 1, beta = 2, etc …) for the alphabets. When any of the other 403 septillion random permutations are examined, even for the Bible, nothing will be discovered beyond chance expected.
  3. The phenomenon only works in the Bible WHEN words and phrases with related or similar theological meaning are examined. The example mentioned in "Panin and Bible Numerics", with the fish relating to the number 153, is expanded upon in Theomatics. Many examples are given of different phrases involving fish and having the number value of 153.

So far NO CRITIC has been able to refute the findings of Theomatics. This may also be because of the complexity of the number patterns which have been found so far. It is a lot more difficult to find patterns divisible by 111 or 153 than by seven! 

Conclusion

From our investigation, we have concluded that Theomatics is GENERALLY SOLID. We have some reservations about the "cluster theory" aspect. Besides the cluster statistics, Washburn often counts the cluster hits as actual hits when he presents his results. Another point we noticed is that with regard to the fish example, Washburn almost seems to imply that the reason it says "153 fishes" is simply to fulfil Theomatics. In general, however, we think that the method employed is SCIENTIFICALLY VALID. Assuming that he followed the method given on the website as he said then his results seem fairly sound. Please note though, we are only going on what we have read on the website, and we have not yet conducted a deep study of his books. 

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3. Els Hidden in the Torah

Much controversy lately has been around an alleged BIBLE CODE, supposedly found in the first five books of the Bible (in Hebrew, the "TORAH") if you read only every umpteenth letter found in the Hebrew original. This subject called ELS for short (Equidistant Letter Sequence).

While in the past this would have been a meticulous task to do manually, now, with the development of computers and the respective software for the task it is relatively easy and has therefore received great attention in scientific circles. SOME VEHEMENTLY DEFENDING its validity, others outright refuting it as a HOAX.

Within this dissertation, we don’t want to go into subjects like whether the assassination of YITZHAK RABIN could be found hidden in the text and was therefore prophetically foretold. HOWEVER, certain aspects and findings in this discipline throw new light onto the subject of Mathematics in the Bible.

The following is taken and adapted from a website called "Super Computers Discover Mathematically Coded Words in the Bible".

A note on the website tells the reader that the conclusions of the paper have been invalidated with new research findings. However, when reading the rebuttals one can really not find any arguments against what is presented here:

In Hebrew, the word Torah is represented by the consonants T-V-R-H.

In the Hebrew text of the book of Genesis, if you take the first ("T") in the word "bere’shiyt" = "In the Beginning", then count 49 letters, the next letter (the 50th) is ("V"); the next 50th is ("R"); and then the next 50th is ("H"). In other words, after the first "T", in 50 letter increments, we FIND THE LETTERS SPELLING "TORAH".

In the book of Exodus, we encounter the same result.

However, it doesn't seem to work with the third book of Moses, Leviticus. But stay tuned …

In the fourth book of the Torah, the book of Numbers, we discover this 49 letter interval works with "HRVT", that is, TVRH backwards.

A similar 49 letter interval also appears in the fifth book the Torah, the book of Deuteronomy. However, in the book of Deuteronomy the interval starts in the fifth verse instead of the first. Why the fifth verse? This could be an explanation - according to the Talmud the book of Deuteronomy doesn't begin until the fifth verse where it states: "On the other side of the Jordan, in the land of Moab, Moses undertook to expound the Torah ..." The first five verses might have been taken from the back of Leviticus.

In the middle book, the book of Leviticus, it doesn't seem to work either way. But it does work for YHVH, the sacred name of God ("Yahweh" or "Jehovah", translated "LORD" in the KJV), if you count in seven letter increments.

It appears that the Torah (TVRH) ALWAYS POINTS TOWARD THE NAME OF GOD.

Here is the overview:

Genesis Exodus Leviticus Numbers Deuteronomy
TVRH--> TVRH--> YHVH <--HRVT <--HRVT

This may just be another hint that there is MUCH MORE HIDDEN in the structure of the text itself than we have ever dreamed. Clearly, there is much more to this than first meets the eye of the casual observer. 

The Interval of 50: 

The use of seven with the name of God shouldn't surprise us, with Sabbaths of days, weeks, months, and years, and the many other heptadic structures throughout the Bible. But why the intervals of 50?

The number 50 has several important meanings in Judaism. Every fiftieth year is a jubilee year; the Torah was given 50 days after the Exodus from Egypt

This and many other patterns can be found in the Hebrew text depending on the message of the text:

The word A B Ra Ha M was found in a 50 letter interval around GENESIS 1:28 "be fruitful and multiply". Coincidence?

Remarkably, the computer demonstrated that the word YiShRAeL (Israel) is spelled out twice, at intervals of 7 and 50 in GENESIS 1:30 to 2:3.

The significance of this finding is that:

These are exactly the four verses that constitute the "kiddush" which the Jews recite over a cup of wine every Friday night to sanctify the Sabbath. This is astounding because 7 and 50 are the only numbers related to Shabbat. Seven stands for both the Seventh Day of Creation and the seventh year when the land rests. After seven cycles the land rests also on the fiftieth year, the jubilee year. Is this merely coincidence? 

Which Text Did They Use For The Computing? 

It is likely that the skeptic will argue that chance is sufficient to produce the patterns we have seen. However, it turns out that when a computer examines a Torah text with only slight variation, statistically significant coded patterns are absent.

The Torah in the "official" Massoretic text (used by the researchers) contains exactly 304,805 letters.

The Samaritans, who exist to this day, possess a text of the Torah, called the Samaritan Pentateuch, which varies in several hundred points (specific letters) from the Massoretic text. In the seventh century B.C., the ten northern tribes of Israel were exiled. In their place gentiles from various nations were brought into Israel. The Samaritans are thought to be the descendants of those people. Although influenced by Judaism, they were not considered to be part of the Jewish nation. When computers were put to work on the Samaritan Torah, researchers FAILED TO FIND any significant words in code beyond what was expected to occur statistically by chance.

When the nation of Israel was reborn in 1948, a group of Jews from Yemen returned to Israel with their own Torah scrolls. Although these Jews had been isolated from mainstream Judaism since the destruction of the Temple in 586 B.C., their text varied from the Massoretic text by only nine letters! Yet, when it was examined by researchers, it too FAILED to yield the many equidistant "Torah Codes" when the text in question contained even ONE LETTER DIFFERENCE!

Interestingly enough, the researchers used the so-called KOREN edition of the Massoretic text, which is the text used also for the TEXTUS RECEPTUS of the KJV. It appears that the commonly advocated BEN ASHER text, which is based on the Leningrad manuscript, differs in about 22 letters throughout the first 5 books of the BIBLE. 

Could An Overzealous Author Have Put it in? 

Finally, to those who would argue that these codes were placed there by rabbis with a lot of time on their hands, we must point out that until the advent of computers the statistical rarity of these design features was not appreciated. With the advent of super computers it has been shown that the frequency of these coded sequences is way beyond the expected random-chance occurrence of such letter sequences. Did Moses and the ancient rabbis put these codes in the Torah to impress future generations of computer users? THE NATURE OF THE TEXT AND ITS CONTENT MAKES THIS HIGHLY UNLIKELY. 

CAI Conclusion

What do we think about it? With all the controversy about "prophecy" and ideas circulating about hidden information in the "Bible code", we at the CAI would rather ERR ON THE SIDE OF CAUTION. Our main aim is to look into the DIRECT MEANING of the scriptures, rather than looking for hidden messages that may or may not exist. The case we have recited above is another interesting feature that COULD point to divine inspiration.

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4. Quantitative Structure Analysis

The Quantitative Structure Analysis Of The Scriptural Texts

Could a numerical pattern of, let’s say, 7 already be woven into the structure of the original text?

Could it be that people like Panin have simply rediscovered a numerical pattern, which was originally PUT INTO THE SCRIPTURE BY ITS AUTHOR(S)? A fairly new publication by a certain Prof. Labuschagne "NUMERICAL SECRETS of the BIBLE" supports this view.

Biblical writings can be viewed as "numerical compositions". This means they have been designed with regard to the number of words and letters to be contained in the text. The number of words used is not a product of chance, but was intentionally chosen by the author. So the text is structured in a quantitative way, by numbers, not only in a qualitative way, e.g. by sequentially ordered subjects.

There are clear examples of numerical compositions in the Old Testament: for example the alphabetical poems, like PSALM 119. Labuschagne calls attention to the well-known usage of the 22 Hebrew letters as a structuring device, but also to an unexpected interpretation of the verse divider "atnach" as a numerical divider for a complete psalm.

The Book of Lamentations seems to be a good example of numerical studies. Labuschagne found a couple of obvious, as well as some more or less 'hidden', quantitative structures: A symmetrical distribution of verses, lines, and words - most of them with some connection to the number 22.

A sevenfold structure can also be found. It is to be understood as symmetry in the sense that there are text-sections which have identical lengths if counted in verses. In Lamentations chapter 5 even alphabetic acrostics are found.

Labuschagne mentions many intriguing factors in his book like:

  • The ELEVEN Divine Monologues in the Pentateuch
  • The ELEVEN Toledoth (= "these are the generations of …") formulas in Genesis
  • The role of 7 in the lifespans of the patriarchs. For example, "And all the days of Lamech were seven hundred seventy and seven years: and he died" (GENESIS 5:31).
  • Significant Numbers in the Divine Speeches in Genesis
  • Conspicuous Numbers in the Divine Speeches in Deuteronomy
  • The Symbolic Meaning of 17 and 26
  • The Divine Name YHVH Interwoven in the Fabric of the Text
  • The Divine Name Numbers Signifying God's Presence
  • 17 & 26 in the Lifespans of the Patriarchs and in the Genealogies
  • The Watermark of the Name of God as the Hallmark of Holy Scripture
  • How Numerical Structures Support the Message of a Text
  • and so on …

All Bible readers know that numbers like 7 often occur explicitly in many books of the Bible: From the seven day week of creation, to its extensive use in the Book of Revelation. In addition to this, there are several examples where there are seven items drawn up WITHOUT explicit mention of the number seven.

And this is the important fact: The text itself has been STRUCTURED by a number. It can already be seen in a good translation of the Bible, so you don't need to read Hebrew or Greek.

Just to give two examples from the New Testament:

"But the wisdom that is from above is first pure (1), then peaceable (2), gentle (3), and easy to be intreated (4), full of mercy and good fruits (5), without partiality (6), and without hypocrisy (7)" (JAMES 3:17).

"… Worthy is the Lamb that was slain to receive power (1), and riches (2), and wisdom (3), and strength (3), and honour (4), and glory (6), and blessing (7)" (REVELATION 5:12).

There is a wealth of information available on the quantitative structure of the Bible and several studies have been done by independent authors. We certainly haven’t seen the last of this subject!

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